|In 2018, a unique strain of Salmonella Enteriditis (SE) was detected in humans and was traced back to a NSW egg farm. Over a course of two years, 16 egg layer properties in NSW and 2 in Victoria were identified as infected and were managed through strict biosecurity controls, movement restrictions, culling and decontamination. All properties in NSW were linked through movement of eggs, people or equipment. There have been 8 food recalls and 3 withdrawals of eggs and approximately 300 human SE cases nationally. The management of the SE outbreak has highlighted the importance of a One Health approach with Food Safety, human and animal health and poultry industry working closely together. The impact of the outbreak has led to significant changes including improvement in biosecurity , changes to regulation and new ways of doing business.
Outbreaks of feline calicivirus and canine parvovirus cause concern amongst small animal practitioners because of their infectivity and the potential for nosocomial transmission within the veterinary context. Management of transmission risk requires implementation of strict infection control prevention and control (IPC) practices that include standard and transmission based precautions, such as hand hygiene, personal protective equipment and isolation. Human health care facilities use these same principles to reduce the risk of healthcare-acquired infections including Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The implementation of IPC practices to reduce pathogen transmission in human health care settings is the presence of dedicated IPC teams and rigorous ongoing training. Infection prevention and control within veterinary care is in its infancy and the industry lacks a coherent framework for its implementation. The need for IPC continues to increase with the persistence and emergence of pathogens that present risks to our patients and potentially our staff and clients. In addition, improving IPC in veterinary practice is a stated goal of the Australian Antimicrobial Resistance Strategy. This session will demonstrate the current status of IPC in small animal veterinary practice and introduce you to the changes needed to reduce the risk of pathogen transmission within the workplace, to keep both humans and animals safe.