The expectations of our clients and the animals in our care are ever increasing. Two bones in a room together is no longer an acceptable standard of care. As the technical difficulties of surgical procedures increase, so to do the supporting equipment and implants necessary to get the job done. This talk will cover the emerging developments in orthopaedic implants and patient tailored planning
Applying general principles of decontamination (gastrointestinal and/or skin) can be lifesaving in the recently intoxicated small animal patient. The role of antidotes is quite restricted to a minority of toxins, hence in most cases of overdose, survival is crucially dependent on supportive care. Further, antidotes to toxins do not negate the necessity for decontamination in many intoxications. Knowledge of the pathophysiology, toxic doses of, and treatments prepares the clinician to deal with the emergency poisoned pet and ready access to the materials and medicaments for decontamination, antidotal and supportive therapy is paramount in providing medical care for toxin cases. Rapid access to details of unfamiliar toxins helps direct further management of the emergency. A veterinary practice ‘toolbox’ for intoxications includes antivenenes against possible arachnid and elapid envenomations, known antidotes for likely common and uncommon intoxications, current recommended medicants for emesis and decontamination, and remedies for supportive care and management of symptoms and potential adverse effects. This presentation will highlight the contents of a typical practice toolbox for treating canine and feline intoxications.
Status epilepticus describes seizures that occur continuously with little or no normal intervening periods – it is a true emergency. Prolonged seizure activity can result in permanent neuronal damage and life-threatening systemic effects; careful management and correction is essential to limit patient loss. The timely use of antiepileptic pharmacological agents is necessary, as well as an accurate history and clinical assessment of the patient to identify possible causes and undertake control of the seizures. The pathophysiology of seizure activity is used to employ some of the more frequently used anticonvulsant agents in the canine & feline patient clinically. Newer anticonvulsants and their mode of administration have highlighted synergism in the management of seizure activity with reportedly less adverse side-effects. Even though an algorithm for the acute management of Status Epilepticus is often followed, species differences between the dog and the cat demand some subtle changes in treatment between the two species. This presentation will highlight a current practical approach to dealing with the acutely seizuring small animal patient.