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Session - Small Animal - 75.0 mins - Room 1
Pre-anaesthetic blood testing is pretty much a part of practice now. It is critical that veterinarians have a “game plan” for addressing the potential issues being presented by the identification of abnormal blood tests. During this session we will be discussing when and how I go about investigating abnormal hepatic enzyme parameters on Pre-anaesthetic blood testing. Both history taking and a thorough physical examination should be standard in every patient. Depending on the clinical and historical findings, and abnormalities identified on the Pre-anaesthetic blood testing, different pathways may be indicated in further investigation. This may be simply “monitoring” both the patient and biochemistry, or it may involve a LDDST or ACTH Stimulation Test, or pre and postprandial bile acid testing, abdominal ultrasound or tissue sampling by cytology or the collection of biopsies. 
Traumatic shock presumes hypovolaemia, the most common form of shock seen in veterinary patients. The early restoration of tissue perfusion and maintenance of tissue oxygenation is essential in achieving a positive outcome. The ABCDE of trauma medicine pneumonic applies for immediate action in the trauma patient. Blood volume reestablishment is the mainstay of traumatic shock therapy. Ensuring the patient’s airway, establishing adequate oxygenation & ventilation, restoring blood volume take preference over the next most important categories, the central nervous system and the abdomen. This concept is the crux of this session. Targeted end-point resuscitation parameters in the trauma patient will highlight the discussion, along with bedside diagnostic tests to aid in diagnosis, monitoring, and assessing response to treatment – some examples include the haematocrit, blood lactate levels, the use of radiology and/or ultrasonography and techniques such as abdominocentesis & thoracocentesis. Concepts of Shock Index and Animal Trauma Triage Score seen in emergency papers will be introduced and the lecture will finish with a suggested practical protocol for resuscitation of the trauma patient that can be followed by every veterinary practice. 
Session - Behaviour - 75.0 mins - Room 2
What you need to know about cats to help your clients (Part 1)
What you need to know about cats to help your clients (Part 2)
Session - Business - 75.0 mins - Room 3
A focus on investing in your people to enable you to lead and facilitate your team's journey that will support and guide them along a career pathway that aligns with your practice focus and culture. 
HR Best Practice: implementing the very best staff recruitment and retention strategies in vet practice today. Introduction to the AVA Gold Star Employer of Choice program (Part 1)
Session - Small Animal - 105.0 mins - Room 1
The expectations of our clients and the animals in our care are ever increasing. Two bones in a room together is no longer an acceptable standard of care. As the technical difficulties of surgical procedures increase, so to do the supporting equipment and implants necessary to get the job done. This talk will cover the emerging developments in orthopaedic implants and patient tailored planning 
Applying general principles of decontamination (gastrointestinal and/or skin) can be lifesaving in the recently intoxicated small animal patient. The role of antidotes is quite restricted to a minority of toxins, hence in most cases of overdose, survival is crucially dependent on supportive care. Further, antidotes to toxins do not negate the necessity for decontamination in many intoxications. Knowledge of the pathophysiology, toxic doses of, and treatments prepares the clinician to deal with the emergency poisoned pet and ready access to the materials and medicaments for decontamination, antidotal and supportive therapy is paramount in providing medical care for toxin cases. Rapid access to details of unfamiliar toxins helps direct further management of the emergency.  A veterinary practice ‘toolbox’ for intoxications includes antivenenes against possible arachnid and elapid envenomations, known antidotes for likely common and uncommon intoxications, current recommended medicants for emesis and decontamination, and remedies for supportive care and management of symptoms and potential adverse effects. This presentation will highlight the contents of a typical practice toolbox for treating canine and feline intoxications.
Status epilepticus describes seizures that occur continuously with little or no normal intervening periods – it is a true emergency. Prolonged seizure activity can result in permanent neuronal damage and life-threatening systemic effects; careful management and correction is essential to limit patient loss. The timely use of antiepileptic pharmacological agents is necessary, as well as an accurate history and clinical assessment of the patient to identify possible causes and undertake control of the seizures. The pathophysiology of seizure activity is used to employ some of the more frequently used anticonvulsant agents in the canine & feline patient clinically. Newer anticonvulsants and their mode of administration have highlighted synergism in the management of seizure activity with reportedly less adverse side-effects. Even though an algorithm for the acute management of Status Epilepticus is often followed, species differences between the dog and the cat demand some subtle changes in treatment between the two species. This presentation will highlight a current practical approach to dealing with the acutely seizuring small animal patient.

Session - Equine - 105.0 mins - Room 2
Association of biomechanical properties of the calcified metacarpal articular surface with clinically assessable subchondral bone microstructure in thoroughbred racehorses

Non-invasive measures of bone quality and injury risk are an important area of investigation in Thoroughbred racehorses. Onset of race training in Thoroughbred racehorses is associated with adaptive improvement in biomechanical properties at the distal third metacarpal calcified articular surface. Repetitious high loading however can result in fatigue injuries of subchondral bone and calcified cartilage, particularly palmar/plantar osteochondral disease and third metacarpal/-tarsal condylar fractures. We aimed to determine the correlation between clinical computed tomography (clinical-CT) microstructural parameters, training history and calcified articular surface biomechanical properties and therefore potential fracture risk in the distal palmar third metacarpal condyle of Thoroughbred racehorses. Third metacarpal condyles were examined from 31 Thoroughbred horses, including horses in race training, resting or untrained. Samples were imaged with 100μm resolution clinical-CT (Somatom® Emotion®). Reference point indentation mechanical testing of the calcified articular surface was performed (BioDent™ Hfc). The association between indentation distance increase (IDI), an inverse measure of toughness and clinical-CT and training variables were assessed. 

Predicting when the mare will ovulate is one of the key skills we need to hone as veterinarians working with mares. Regardless of the breeding system used (natural cover, fresh semen, chilled semen or frozen semen) it is vital we breed the mare at the correct time. We have two major tools to enable us to do this. Palpation and ultrasound of the follicle. Follicular size is important, but only during the first days of the follicular phase. When we are within 36 to 48 hours of ovulation, size is too variable to be the crucial parameter and we must use changes in the ultrasonographic appearance of the follicle. 
The second key feature to note is endometrial edema. We must develop a recording system which allows us to monitor as the edema score increases to a peak and then decreases, usually in the hours immediately preceding ovulation. Certain mares do not follow the typical endometrial edema pattern and we must be aware of these mares to avoid missing an ovulation.
Session - Sheep, Camelid & Goat - 105.0 mins - Room 3
Endemic conditions affect productivity but relatively little information have been published in relation to effects of endemic conditions on-farm and at the abattoir. In order for producers to identify issues in their sheep and make informed decisions on management producers need feedback from abattoirs on what conditions are found in submitted stock and what the effect of the conditions are, both on farm and at abattoir. This study looked at seven conditions that were deemed important by the South Australian sheep industry based on effects seen through the production chain or due to being commonly identified at post mortem inspection at abattoir.
Small lungworm infections of sheep are often detected at post-mortem examinations and at abattoirs but thought unimportant because they cause few obvious clinical signs. However, heavy lungworm infections may cause production loss, either directly or by worsening other respiratory diseases, such as pneumonia. Thus suggesting that treatment or prevention may be warranted if prevalence is high. It is thought that anthelmintics have some effect, but largely strategies for the treatment and prevention of small lungworms have not been described in the Australian context. Two species of small lungworm occur in sheep in Australia, Muellerius capillaris and Protostongylus rufescens, which require a mollusc intermediate host to complete their lifecycle. This paper presents the effect of pasture molluscicide treatment on the prevalence and severity of small lungworm infections, and the productivity of lambs grazing improved pastures in southeast South Australia. The findings of the snail population, the lucerne pasture availability, small lungworm infection levels within lambs, and lamb growth rates will be presented. 
The Faecal Egg Count Reduction Test (FECRT) has been the mainstay for diagnosing anthelmintic resistance (efficacy lower than 95%) in the past 40 years and recent refinements have made it cheaper and more convenient. The World Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology has re-defined the test to allow before and after testing (instead of an untreated control group) and ’90 eggs observed’ in the control count the new standard. Using more sensitive methods such as Mini-FLOTAC or FECPAKG2, or even repeated counts using a McMaster worm egg chamber, the starting worm count can confidently be lowered to 1-200 epg, as long as sufficient numbers of sheep are included in the test. 
The efficacy of all single active products against Haemonchus and Teladorsagia is low enough to warrant always recommending using active ingredients in combination. This can be achieved by concurrent administration or by using formulated combination products, but not by mixing products unless specifically allowed on the label. Long-acting single-active treatments such as moxidectin injectable need to be ‘primed’ with an effective drench.
 
Trichostrongylus continues to show susceptibility to the macrocyclic lactones, but BZs and levamisole have low efficacy. Nematodirus spp. eggs have shown up in groups of sheep treated with BZs , an indication of emerging resistance to this active ingredient. 
#VetFest 2020
VetFest 2020
#VetFest 2020
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